The legacy of the School of the South

CHAPTER 2: Pioneers

For Latin American artists, the practice of traveling to Europe to see first-hand the great masterpieces they had only learned about in books was well established by the early years of the twentieth century. When these artists arrived in Europe, they learned about the Cubist, Futurist, Dada, and Expressionist avant-gardes. As they tried to reconcile their interest in traditional art with modern movements advocating a radical departure from the art of the past, they often experienced a moment of creative crisis. The new art they formulated was not always well received in their home countries, where critics and audiences tended to be more conservative. In Argentina, these pioneers were seen as scandalous but their art helped modernize the local art scene.

Image credit:
Joaquín Torres-García
Untitled, 1929-1930 (detail)
Watercolor over pencil on paper mounted on cardboard
The Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin
Gift of John and Barbara Duncan, 1971

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