Surrealism and Mexico

Mexico: multiple modernities

CHAPTER 5: Surrealism and Mexico

After the Spanish Civil War and World War II began, several European artists and writers arrived in Mexico as refugees, and some decided to stay. Among them were women with links to the surrealist movement, who developed their painting fully after they settled in Mexico City. Although Surrealism did not become a unified movement in Latin America, Mexican artists sometimes adopted some of its visual techniques, finding a sense of kinship in the surrealists’ taste for uncanny images.

Image credit:
José Chávez Morado
La conspiración [Conspiracy], from the portfolio Vida nocturna de la ciudad de México [Mexico City’s Nightlife], 1936 (detail)
The Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin
University purchase, 1966; Transfer from the Harry Ransom Center, 1982

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